What Have We Learned About SSI Receipt Among Children?
DRC Brief Number: 2018-06
Publisher: Washington, DC: Mathematica Policy Research
Dec 31, 2018
- Child SSI caseloads more than quadrupled between 1990 and 2018. Although growth in the 1990s was likely due to changes in SSI eligibility, a substantial portion of the growth since 2000 is related to non-policy factors including poverty rates, health conditions, and special education enrollment.
- Levels and growth in SSI receipt vary dramatically across states and local areas. Much of the difference is associated with state- and county-level health, demographic, and socioeconomic factors. However, some of the reasons underlying growth rates vary across regions.
- Child SSI recipients are at high risk for poor adult outcomes including relatively low employment rates and earning levels.
- SSI cessation rates following the age-18 redetermination vary widely across states, as do employment rates among those who continue to receive SSI benefits at age 24.
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